To Radiate or Absorb?
Written by Herb Rose
All objects above absolute zero radiate energy and all objects absorb radiated energy. Why? How? All objects have electrical fields (see my article in PSI “The Neutron Molecule”.
For those who believe in quarks remember Occam’s razor. When an object moves that field causes a change in the electric/magnetic field radiating energy.
The changing electric/magnetic field transfers energy to other objects (with less energy) and is converted into kinetic energy. You have the dichotomy of radiated energy producing kinetic energy which then produces radiated energy. Since objects radiate energy in all directions equally how can it reach equilibrium with an object radiating energy to it from one direction?
The answer to these questions lies in the nature or radiated energy and how it is transferred between objects. There is no photon. The photon, or particle nature of light, was created in order to treat radiated energy like the familiar kinetic energy but there is no similarity between them. Light or radiated is a wave, or disturbance, traveling in the fields that surround objects and are produced by objects.
The universe is made from two things: matter and energy-t (to distinguish it from the energy of motion of objects). These two building blocks produce field of force radiating from them that decrease with distance.
Matter produces positive and/or negative electric fields. Energy-t produces gravity and magnetic fields. (Magnetic fields are a directional energy-t field while gravity is an expanding energy-t field. Gravity decreases with the square of the distance as it expands to fill increasing area while magnetism decreases with distance just like a spotlight where mirrors direct all the emitted light in one direction (See my article in PSI “An Experiment With Magnets”)
These are the only two forces (see my article in PSI “A New Theory of Gravity” and “Why the Nuclear Forces Don’t Exist“) and how they interact (see my article in PSI “How It Works”) creates the universe we see.
The two forces have opposite actions. When two magnets with opposite poles are attracted towards each other the strength of the force and the size of the field increases as they combine to form a larger magnet. (Gravity causes objects to combine into a larger object with a greater gravitational field.)
When oppositely charged proton and electron are attracted towards each other the strength of the fields and the size of the fields decrease as they form a neutron molecule.
When two magnets with the same polarity are forced together the strength of the magnetic field and its size decrease as they grow closer. As two electrons are forced together the strength and size of the negative electric field increases.
Energy-t tries to combine objects into larger objects while the negative field of matter keeps objects as separate entities. As the force from energy-t pulls objects closer, the repelling electric field from matter increases, keeping them apart.
When an increase in the energy field occurs it sets up an oscillation where the resulting increase in repelling force from matter pushes back. This is how radiated energy works.
To understand how radiated energy interacts with matter we will use a molecule containing two atoms (diatomic molecule). The model for the molecule is two donuts connected by a flexible and stretchable bond that allow the molecule to flex and the atoms to move closer and further apart.
The atoms are held together by the force of energy-t. In a two atom molecule the atoms spin in opposite direction. This means that if there where are eight or fewer electrons in the outer orbits of the two atoms (Because atoms are formed from the combination of energy-t and matter the matter is contained in an equatorial disk just like a solar system or galaxy, not shells.) the electrons would mesh like gears allowing the energy-t force to pull them closer forming a stable molecule.
The donuts represent the electric fields of the molecule where there is a weak electric field in the center of the atoms (where the positive charge of the protons cancels the negative charge of the electrons), a stronger negative field at the ends of the molecules, and the strongest negative field at the bond between the two atoms.
If there is a flexing of the molecule at the bond, the motion of the atoms will create a disturbance in the surrounding fields radiating energy to it. If there is a disturbance in the surrounding fields that allows a negative wave peak over the bond and a more positive wave peaks over the center of the atoms it will cause a flexing of the molecule and transfer energy to it.
It is the length of the bonds and the number of bonds that determine what energy a molecule can absorb and what energy it radiates. A molecule with multiple bonds can absorb short wave lengths (matching the bonds in it) and convert them into longer wave lengths as the absorbed energy is distributed to the entire molecule.
A molecule can absorb and radiate energy of the same wave length so what determines if energy is absorbed or radiated?
The energy of an electromagnetic wave is a function of its wavelength/frequency. An oxygen atom with a velocity of x passes in front of a sensor designed to detect changes in the electric field. It will produce a wave as the electric field of the atom move towards the sensor and away from it. The oxygen atom will have energy of E.
The detector will not register the change in the electric field produced by the atom. If an electron is removed from the oxygen atom creating an ion when it moves past the sensor with a speed of x it will have the same energy (E) as the oxygen atom but the sensor will absorb some of this energy and register a change in the electric field.
If two electrons are removed from the oxygen atom and it is propelled in front of the sensor with a speed of x and energy of E, the sensor will absorb more energy and register a greater change in the electric field.
While the energy of an electromagnetic wave is a function of its wavelength the absorption of that energy is a function of the amplitude of the wave. If the wave heights in the fields surrounding a molecule is greater than the flexing across the molecules bond the field will transfer energy to the molecule increasing the flexing.
If the flexing across the bond is greater than the amplitude of the waves in the surround filed the molecule will transfer energy to the field and the amplitude of the flexing will decrease. In both these cases energy will be lost and the wavelengths emitted by the molecule or in the surrounding fields will grow longer.
When the amplitude of the waves in the field and the flex of the molecules bond are the same no energy will be transferred and equilibrium will be established.
This is how radiated energy works and why the speed of light is not constant but varies with the strength of the energy-t field.
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