The Greenhouse Gas Effect is a Scientific Impossibility
Written by Herb Rose
The greenhouse gas theory( GHGT) is a theory claiming that certain gas molecules in the atmosphere are inhibiting the Earth from transmitting heat into space. There is great debate about what role different gases play in heating and cooling and the accuracy of certain assumptions of data. It turns out that these arguments are irrelevant because the basic assumption of the theory is wrong and based on ignorance of science.
Every object with a temperature above absolute zero radiates energy and every object absorbs radiated energy. Any movement of an atom creates a disturbance in the electromagnetic field that transmits energy to other objects. Energy tries to equalize between objects but radiating energy is not a very effective or efficient means of transferring energy. The distance between objects and the difference in their energy determine the effectiveness of the energy exchange. The further apart objects are and the smaller the difference between their energy levels, the less effective the transfer of energy by radiation.
The mere fact that the Earth is radiating energy into space does not mean that is losing heat or kinetic energy. In order for the Earth to lose heat, we expect it to transfer energy to an object that is cooler. This is basic conservation of energy and is a foundation of physics and the way heat or energy flows from higher levels to lower levels is basic thermodynamics. People’s ignorance of the distinction between radiating energy and losing heat is central to their belief in the GHGT.
Another factor contributing to the belief in this theory is people’s ignorance about the difference between heat and temperature. Heat is the kinetic energy of an object and temperature is how we measure that energy. Objects radiate heat they do not radiate temperature. Temperature is not only a function of the kinetic energy striking the measuring device but also the number of molecules transferring energy to the measuring device. A two hundred degree oven and a two hundred degree pot of water have the same temperature but the amount of heat contained is completely different. You can put your hand into a two hundred degree oven without ill effect, but you do not want to put your hand into two hundred degree water.
Because there is over a million time less molecules in a gas than in a liquid temperature does not give an accurate measurement of heat in a gas. People who fly see evidence of this discrepancy. The state of water, whether it is solid, liquid, or gas, depends of the balance between the attractive force between the gas molecules and the kinetic energy of the molecules. The attractive force is determined by the shape of the water molecules and is constant, so the state of water is an indicator of the kinetic energy of the molecules. If the attractive force is greater than the kinetic energy the water is a solid, if the two forces are approximately equal the water is liquid, and if the kinetic energy is greater the water is a gas. When flying at thirty thousand feet you often encounter rain storms where liquid water is hitting the plane. The pilot has told you that the temperature outside the plane is minus thirty degrees but the water tells you the kinetic energy of the molecules at thirty thousand feet is far greater than what the temperature indicates.
As there is an increase in altitude the density, or number of gas molecules per volume, decreases. If the kinetic energy of these molecules were also decreasing with increasing altitude a graph of the temperature/altitude would show a smooth decreasing exponential curve as the altitude increases. This is not the results we get when measuring temperature and altitude. A graph of the measured temperature/altitude show the temperature decreasing from two hundred eighty eight Degrees Kelvin to two hundred thirteen degrees Kelvin as the altitude increases to fifteen thousand feet. At this point the temperature begins to increase to two hundred twenty four degrees Kelvin until it reaches fifty thousand feet, where in again begins to descend.
This S curve is typical where a value is the result of two variables, one increasing while the other is decreasing. Since we know by measurement that the number of molecules, or density, is decreasing with increasing altitude, this graph would indicate the kinetic energy of the molecules is increasing with altitude. If we divide the measured temperature at an altitude by the density of the molecules at that altitude the graph converts to a smooth exponential increasing curve indicating that the kinetic energy, or heat of the molecules, increases with altitude.
This result is what should be expected. Since the atmosphere is transparent the molecules in it are exposed to the light from the sun longer than the molecules on the surface of the Earth. The reason it is light before sunrise and after sunset is because the sun is continuing to transfer energy to molecules in the atmosphere which are then radiating energy. The higher you go in altitude the longer the molecules are exposed to the energy of the sun and the greater the intensity of the energy striking the molecules. You would expect these molecules to have more heat than molecules lower in the atmosphere. Science demands that this be the case. When you heat an unconfined gas, adding energy to the molecules, it expands and becomes less dense. If you cool a gas, removing energy from the molecules, it contracts and becomes denser. The less dense molecules high in the atmosphere must be hotter than the denser molecules lower in the atmosphere.
Evidence supporting this conclusion is misinterpreted by meteorologist in reporting the weather. They report that the temperature will be higher on a cloudy night than a clear night because the clouds act as a blanket insulating the Earth from losing heat into space. A cloud may look like a blanket but that is where the similarity ends. The insulating properties of a blanket are from the gas pockets trapped in the fabric. Because the molecules in a gas are far apart they do not conduct heat well. The vacuum of the upper atmosphere provides great insulation. Adding water droplets, in the form of clouds, does not increase the insulation any more than by using a wet blanket will keep you warmer than a dry blanket. What the water droplets do is increase the number of molecules and their efficiency in transferring heat. Cloudy nights are warmer because the water in the clouds is more effectively transferring heat from the hotter molecules in the upper atmosphere to the surface of the Earth.
If the surface of the Earth is surrounded by a hotter atmosphere then it is a thermodynamically impossibility for the Earth to be losing heat into space. The greenhouse gas theory is nonsense and no more time, effort or money should be wasted on it.
Governments have wasted billions and billions of dollars promoting this theory for political reasons, trying to buy support for it. Some people have even come to believe that it is a proven fact because of the propaganda and ignorance of science. A lot of the blames for this goes to scientist who are looking to get funding rather than advancing science and will use any preposterous or tenuous reasoning to connect to the government gravy train. Resurrecting the Woolly Mammoths will not impact climate change.