The Evidence: Positive Impacts of Human CO2 Emissions

Written by Dr Patrick Moore, Greenpeace co-founder

Patrick Moore, co-founder of Greenpeace provides a compelling study of the evidence in support of human emissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

Moore’s study, The Positive Impact of CO2 Emissions on the Survival of Life on Earth (June 2016) looks at the positive environmental effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, a topic which has been well established in the scientific literature but which is far too often ignored in the current discussions about climate change policy. Below are select extracts:

All life is carbon based and the primary source of this carbon is the CO2 in the global atmosphere. As recently as 18,000 years ago, at the height of the most recent major glaciation, CO2 dipped to its lowest level in recorded history at 180 ppm, low enough to stunt plant growth.

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The Big Lie: ’97 Percent’

Written by Alex Epstein

First of all, this statement itself, even if it were true, is deliberately manipulative. The reason we care about recent global warming or climate change is not simply that human beings are allegedly the main cause. It’s the allegation that man-made warming will be extremely harmful to human life. The 97 percent claim says nothing whatsoever about magnitude or catastrophe. If we’re the main cause of the mild warming of the last century or so, that does not begin to resemble anything that would justify taking away our machine food.

One of the main papers behind the 97 percent claim is authored by John Cook, who runs the popular website, a virtual encyclopedia of arguments trying to defend predictions of catastrophic climate change from all challenges.

Here is Cook’s summary of his paper: “Cook et al. (2013) found that over 97 percent [of papers he surveyed] endorsed the view that the Earth is warming up and human emissions of greenhouse gases are the main cause.”33

This is a fairly clear statement—97 percent of the papers surveyed endorsed the view that man-made greenhouse gases were the main cause—main in common usage meaning more than 50 percent.

But even a quick scan of the paper reveals that this is not the case. Cook is able to demonstrate only that a relative handful endorse “the view that the Earth is warming up and human emissions of greenhouse gases are the main cause.” Cook calls this “explicit endorsement with quantification” (quantification meaning 50 percent or more). The problem is, only a small percentage of the papers fall into this category; Cook does not say what percentage, but when the study was publicly challenged by economist David Friedman, one observer calculated that only 1.6 percent explicitly stated that man-made greenhouse gases caused at least 50 percent of global warming.34

Where did most of the 97 percent come from, then? Cook had created a category called “explicit endorsement without quantification”—that is, papers in which the author, by Cook’s admission, did not say whether 1 percent or 50 percent or 100 percent of the warming was caused by man.35 He had also created a category called “implicit endorsement,” for papers that imply (but don’t say) that there is some man-made global warming and don’t quantify it.36 In other words, he created two categories that he labeled as endorsing a view that they most certainly didn’t.

The 97 percent claim is a deliberate misrepresentation designed to intimidate the public—and numerous scientists whose papers were classified by Cook protested:

  • “Cook survey included 10 of my 122 eligible papers. 5/10 were rated incorrectly. 4/5 were rated as endorse rather than neutral.”            —Dr. Richard Tol37
  • “That is not an accurate representation of my paper . . .”        —Dr. Craig Idso38
  • “Nope . . . it is not an accurate representation.”         —Dr. Nir Shaviv39
  • “Cook et al. (2013) is based on a strawman argument . . .”     —Dr. Nicola Scafetta40

Think about how many times you hear that 97 percent or some similar figure thrown around. It’s based on crude manipulation propagated by people whose ideological agenda it serves. It is a license to intimidate.

[This is part 3 in a series of excerpts of the book The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels by Alex Epstein]


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Washington Post Shamed over Global Warming Fake News

Written by Tony Heller

Climate Central just ran this piece, which the Washington Post picked up on. They claimed the US was “overwhelmingly hot” in 2016, and temperatures have risen 1,5°F since the 19th century.

The U.S. Has Been Overwhelmingly Hot This Year | Climate Central

The first problem with their analysis is that the US had very little hot weather in 2016. The percentage of hot days was below average, and ranked 80th since 1895. Only 4.4% of days were over 95°F, compared with the long term average of 4.9%. Climate Central is conflating mild temperatures with hot ones.

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Study: More CO2 in Atmosphere Boosts Plant growth

Written by Pérez-López, U., Miranda-Apodaca et al.

Real science again showing that CO2 is best plant fertilizer. Spanish peer-reviewed biological study proving that the more carbon dioxide we put into the atmosphere the more we see benefits to plant growth and food production:

Paper Reviewed
Pérez-López, U., Miranda-Apodaca, J., Muñoz-Rueda, A. and Mena-Petite, A. 2015. Interacting effects of high light and elevated CO2 on the nutraceutical quality of two differently pigmented Lactuca sativa cultivars (Blonde of Paris Batavia and Oak Leaf). Scientia Horticulturae 191: 38-48.

Enhancing crop nutritional value has long been a goal of the agricultural industry. Growing plants under less than optimal conditions for a short period of time generally increases their oxidative stress. To counter such stress, plants will usually increase their antioxidant metabolism which, in turn, elevates the presence of various antioxidant compounds in their tissues, compounds that are of great nutritional value from a human point of view.

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Why Big Brains are Rare

Written by Washington University, St Louis

Do big-brained creatures steal energy for them from other organs or eat more to supply this expensive tissue? New work in large-brained fish suggests skimping elsewhere is not enough to meet the energy demands of an extreme brain.

The brain of Gnathonemus petersii is larger in proportion to its body than a human’s. To keep up with the energy demands of its big brain, it has evolved a Schnauzenorgan, a chin appendage covered with electroreceptors that helps it locate prey (calories).
Credit: David Kilper/Washington University

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The Church of Climate Scientology

Written by Alex Epstein

“Science” is perhaps the most abused word in the English language.

The word used to name the method of Galileo, Newton, and Einstein has also been used to rationalize some of the most destructive political policies in human history, such as socialism and population control. The Nazis invoked the once-renowned “science” of eugenics to justify a Holocaust of “scientifically inferior” races.

How do we protect ourselves against such abuses of science? By knowing the one key difference between real scientists and science abusers. Science abusers treat science as an infallible authority to be blindly obeyed by the public. Real scientists treat science as a method to be carefully explained to the public.

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Christmas Present for NASA’s Gavin Schmidt

Written by Tony Heller

According to Gavin Schmidt at NASA, global warming didn’t begin until the mid-1970s. His graph below shows that the 1970’s were barely warmer than 1880, with only minor fluctuations in temperature between 1880 and 1970.

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Can Scientists Prove man-made global warming?

Written by Kerry Jackson

There’s probably not a phrase that the global warming alarmists and dim celebrities trying to play the role of intellectuals use more than some variation of “the science is settled.” It’s a catchy phrase that’s intended to shut down debate and shame skeptics.

And it’s simply not true.

The alarmist community has had almost three decades to prove its assumptions, and while it is plausible that there has been a small measure of warming, the disaster many predicted hasn’t occurred. Worse for them, it’s impossible to say with any degree of certainty that the warming that has happened — and quite possibly there’s been none at all — was caused by man. Earth’s climate has warmed and cooled throughout its existence. It’s part of the natural cycle.

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Sydney Morning Herald Shamed over Global Warming Fake News

Written by Tony Heller

On December 21, Peter Hannam and the Sydney Morning Herald printed some spectacular misinformation about the climate.

  • Arctic sea ice is retreating due to record heat
  • He implied that Arctic sea ice will be extent will be at a very low level when the sun returns in three months
  • He said NOAA satellite records only go back to 1979
  • He said Antarctic sea ice is at a record low
  • He implied Australia being wet is a sign of climate change

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Mars Rover ‘Hit Jackpot’ in Search for Alien Life

Written by Andrew Follett

The NASA-launched Mars rover found evidence the Red Planet may once have been suitable for alien life. NASA scientists say the rover “hit a jackpot” of exposed mineral layers that reveal environmental conditions were nearly habitable for millions of years.

“We see all of the properties in place that we really like to associate with habitability,” Dr. John Grotzinger, a geologist at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena who works with the rover, told “There’s nothing extreme here. This is all good for habitability over time.”

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No Warming from Carbon Dioxide ‘Greenhouse Gas Effect’

Written by PSI staff

Gerhard Gerlich and Ralf D. Tscheuschner are German Physicists who proved that more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can have no measurable impact on global temperatures.

In 2008 Hans Schreuder provided a non-technical layperson’s summary of that important landmark peer-reviewed paper refuting the so-called greenhouse gas theory of climate.  As the world has seen no rise in global temperatures this century this is an importune time to reflect on select excerpts of Schreuder’s helpful summary:

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Most Powerful Explosion Still a Mystery

Written by Melissa Hogenboom

On 30 June 1908, an explosion ripped through the air above a remote forest in Siberia, near the Podkamennaya Tunguska river.

The fireball is believed to have been 50-100m wide. It depleted 2,000 sq km of the taiga forest in the area, flattening about 80 million trees. The earth trembled. Windows smashed in the nearest town over 35 miles (60km) away. Residents there even felt heat from the blast, and some were blown off their feet.

Fortunately, the area in which this massive explosion occurred was sparsely inhabited. There were no official reports of human casualties, though one local deer herder reportedly died after he was thrust into a tree from the blast. Hundreds of reindeer were also reduced to charred carcasses.

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‘The Biggest Science Scam in History’

Written by James Delingpole

[graphic: Climate court: Michael Mann (left) is suing Tim Ball (right) in the most important science lawsuit since the Scopes Monkey Trial (1925)]

“I’ve waited 40 years for this moment.”

In a congressional meeting room, somewhere on Capitol Hill, one of the world’s leading sceptical climate scientists, Dr. Tim Ball, is toasting the advent of the Trump administration.

“I don’t want to use the phrase tipping point because that’s a phrase that has been abused in the scientific area. But I think we’re on the verge of a dramatic shift,” Ball tells the small invited audience of journalists, scientists, think-tankers, lawyers and DC politicos. He’s talking about the war on the Green Blob.

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French Nuclear Fusion Reactor Test Start

Written by Andrew Follett

After almost 30 years of construction, an experimental French fusion reactor is finally about to be tested.

The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor’s (ITER) Tore Supra tokamak in France will start its first set of experiments this coming spring. It will heat gas to several million degrees Celsius and contain the plasma from the resulting reaction. Construction of the tokamak began in the 1980s.

These experiments are intended to collect scientific data that will ultimately allow researchers to create plasma which lasts for longer periods of time, a critical necessity for fusion power. The project is also intended to minimize the risk of future delays and cost overruns.

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