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50 Non-Hockey Stick Graphs Quash Modern ‘Global’ Warming Claims

Written by Kenneth Richard

We are told the globe is rapidly and dangerously warming, and that this rapid and dangerous warming has been predominantly caused by the steep rise in anthropogenic CO2 emissions that began about the mid-1940s.

We even have a widely-recognized “hockey stick” graph of the Northern Hemisphere — created by Michael Mann in the late 1990s and popularized by the IPCC (2001) — to “prove” that modern warming has been synchronously global in scale, as well as rapid, dangerous, and perhaps even unprecedented (“the warmest on record”).

There is a problem with this paradigm, however.  An enormous problem.

That is, when scientists reconstruct sea surface temperatures (SST) and land surface temperatures and deep ocean heat content from the paleoclimate record (hundreds to thousands of years ago) using existing physical proxy evidence, and when they use this same physical evidence to reconstruct the modern temperatures, the rapid and dangerous warming trend that mysteriously forms a hockey stick shape for recent decades seems to just . . . disappear.  In its place is a modern record of temperatures from locations all over the world that does not even come close to resembling a rapidly warming, dangerous, and unprecedented hockey stick.  Instead, the paleoclimate record reveals the opposite.  Large regions of the Earth were significantly warmer than they are now for most of the last several thousand years.

Below is a compilation of 50 temperature graphs from peer-reviewed scientific papers.  Some graphs indicate that (a) post-1940s temperatures actually declined in many regions of the world rather than rose rapidly — the opposite of what climate models had predicted.   All the graphs show that (b) modern (post-1940s) temperatures aren’t any warmer than the decades and centuries and millennia prior to the steep increase in anthropogenic CO2 emissions, and in some locations even the Little Ice Age temperatures (1400s to 1800s AD) were warmer than modern.  Finally, these 50 graphs clearly show that (c) the conceptualization of global-scale warming, or a globally synchronous rise in temperatures for the vast majority of the Earth’s land and oceanic locations in modern times . . . is not scientifically supportable.

In many parts of the world, today’s temperatures are still among the coldest they’ve been in the last several thousand years.   Sea levels, in turn, are at some of the lowest levels of the last 8,000 years; relative sea levels were 1 to 4 meters higher than they are now just a few thousand years ago.  Where warming has occurred, it’s been modest and slight, not rapid and dangerous.  Perhaps this is why  the “hide the decline” phenomenon became so necessary for hockey stick-favoring reconstructionists.

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Saenger et al, 2009 (Bahamas) (Northern Hemisphere)

holocene-cooling-bahamas-saenger09-copy

Wunsch and Heimbach, 2014  (Pacific, Atlantic, Indian Oceans)

Discussion: “A very weak long-term [1993-2011] cooling is seen over the bulk of the rest of the ocean below that depth [2000 m], including the entirety of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, along with the eastern Atlantic basin.”

holocene-cooling-pacific-atlantic-indian-oceans-wunschheimbach14-copy

de Jong et al., 2013 (Chile)

holocene-cooling-chile-de-jong13-copy

Pitman and Smith, 2012  (Canada)

holocene-cooling-canada-pitmansmith12a-copy

Esper et al., 2012 (Northern Europe, Scandinavia)

holocene-cooling-n-europe-scandinavia-esper12

Divine et al, 2011  (Norway)

holocene-cooling-norway-divine11

Sunkara and Tiwari, 2016  (India)

holocene-cooling-india-sunkara16-copy

Drinkwater, 2006 (Greenland)

holocene-cooling-greenland-drinkwater06-copy1

Hanna et al., 2004 (Iceland)

holocene-cooling-iceland-hanna04-copy

Goodkin et al., 2008  (North Atlantic)

holocene-cooling-north-atlantic-ssts-goodkin08-copy

Yan et al., 2015 (South China Sea)

holocene-cooling-south-china-sea-yan15a-copy

Munz et al., 2015  (Arabian Sea)

holocene-cooling-arabian-sea-munz15-copy

Matskovsky and Helama, 2015   (Finland, Sweden)

holocene-cooling-finland-sweden-matskovsky-and-helama-15-copy

 

Cook et al., 2009  (Canada)

holocene-cooling-canadian-arctic-cook08-copy1

Gennaretti et al., 2014  (North America)

holocene-cooling-north-america-gennaratti14a-copy

Incarbona et al., 2016  (Sicily, Aegean Sea)

holocene-cooling-sicily-aegean-sea-incarbona16-smaller-copy

Rosenthal et al., 2013 (Pacific Ocean Heat Content)

“We show that water masses linked to North Pacific and Antarctic intermediate waters were warmer by 2.1°C and 1.5°C, respectively, during the middle Holocene Thermal Maximum than over the past century. Both water masses were ~0.9°C warmer during the Medieval Warm period than during the Little Ice Age and ~0.65° warmer than in recent decades.”

holocene-cooling-pacific-heat-content-rosenthal13-copy

Zhu et al., 2016 (China)

holocene-cooling-china-zhu16-copy

Ault et al., 2013 (Equatorial Pacific)

holocene-cooling-equatorial-pacific-ault13-copy

Hanhijärvi et al., 2013    (Arctic, North Atlantic)

holocene-cooling-arctic-atlantic-hanhijarvi13-copy

holocene-cooling-hanhijarvi13

Schneider et al., 2006   (Antarctica)

holocene-cooling-antarctica-schneider06-copy

Delong et al., 2012 (Tropical Pacific)

holocene-cooling-tropical-pacific-delong12-copy

Zinke et al., 2014 (South Africa)

holocene-cooling-south-africa-zinke14

Lyu et al., 2016  (China)

holocene-cooling-china-lyu16-copy

Esper et al., 2014 (Northern Europe)

holocene-cooling-northern-europe-esper14-copy1

Fudge et al., 2016  (Antarctica)

holocene-cooling-antarctica-fudge16-copy

Grudd et al., 2002 (Sweden)

holocene-cooling-sweden-grudd02-copy1

 

Jalili et al., 2016  (Mediterranean Sea)

holocene-cooling-mediterranean-jalili16c-copy

holocene-cooling-mediterranean-jalili16-b-copy

Gjerde et al., 2016  (Norway Glaciers)

holocene-cooling-norway-glaciers-gjerde16-copy

Antinao and McDonald, 2013  (Tropical Pacific, California)

holocene-cooling-tropical-pacific-california-antinao-mcdonald13-copy

Rella and Uchida, 2014 (Antarctica)
holocene-cooling-antarctica-rella14-copy

Shevenell et al., 2011  (NW Equatorial Pacific, W Antarctica, SE Pacific)

holocene-cooling-nw-equatorial-pacific-shevenell11-copy

holocene-cooling-west-antarctic-peninsula-shevenell11-copy

holocene-cooling-southeast-pacific-shevenell11-copy

Yamamoto, 2012  (Japan)

holocene-cooling-japan-yamamoto12-copy

Gajewski, 2015 (Canadian Arctic, Greenland)

holocene-cooling-canada-arctic-greenland-gajewski15-copy1

Fortin and Gajewski, 2016  (Canadian Arctic)

holocene-cooling-canadian-arctic-fortin-gajewski16

Kim et al., 2007 (North Africa)

holocene-cooling-north-africa-kim07-copy

Kolansky et al., 2015  (Pacific Ocean)

holocene-cooling-pacific-kalansky15-copy1

Lamy et al., 2012 (Chile)

holocene-cooling-chile-lamy12-copy

Bostock et al., 2013  (Southern Ocean)

holocene-cooling-southern-ocean-bostock13-final-copy

 

Eldevik et al., 2014 (Norway, Norweigan Sea)

“Through the LH [Late Holocene], ocean temperatures [North Atlantic, Nordic Seas] are comparable to the present, but up to 1 °C warmer

holocene-cooling-norway-sea-eldevik14-copy1

 

Prieto et al., 2016  (Argentina, Uruguay) Relative Sea Level

holocene-cooling-rsl-argentina-uruguay-prieto16

Dura et al., 2016 (Vancouver ) Relative Sea Level

holocene-cooling-rsl-vancouver-dura16-copy

Bracco et al., 2014  (Uruguay) Relative Sea Level

holocene-cooling-rsl-uruguay-bracco14-copy

Kench et al., 2014 (central Pacific Ocean) Relative Sea Levelholocene-cooling-rsl-central-pacific-kench14

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